Kidneys are fist-sized organs situated beneath the rib cage. Human beings have one kidney on each side of their spine. These organs are tiny but play a significant part in the body.
They are responsible for keeping the body healthy and fit by flushing out all the excess water, waste items, and other impurities. Kidneys are also responsible for filtering out all the stored toxins that are present in the bladder during the time of urination. But at times, kidney diseases can stop these organs from functioning properly.
These diseases are mainly caused due to diabetes, chronic conditions, and high blood pressure.
The Various Types of Kidney Disorders
A reliable and the best nephrologist in Mumbai has claimed that there are several types of kidney diseases, which many people suffer from. But under this section, you will find some of the most common kidney conditions.
1. Kidney Stones
When it comes to kidney stones it’s a common kidney issue. These stones occur when the minerals and other things in the blood crystallize within the kidneys. This leads to the formation of solid masses or stones.
Kidney stones come from the body during the time of urination. The passing of these stones can be pretty painful, but they do not cause many issues to the body.
2. Urinary Tract Infections
UTI or urinary tract infections are bacterial infections that occur in the parts of the urinary system. Infections occurring in the urethra and the bladder are pretty common. These infections are treatable and will not lead to health-related issues. But if you don’t treat it on time, the infection will spread to the kidney and will lead to kidney failure.
The best nephrologist in Mumbai has said “Glomerulonephritis” is an inflammation caused by glomeruli. These are small structures found in the kidneys, and they help in filtering the blood out. Glomerulonephritis occurs due to disorders, infections, or rugs. On certain occasions, this problem can get better by itself.
4. Polycystic Kidney Disease
PKD or Polycystic Kidney Disease is known as a genetic condition that leads to the formation of cysts [small fluid sacs] that grows within the kidneys. These cysts can cause kidney failure and also interfere with kidney functions. Remember, individual kidney cysts are common types and will rarely cause any issues. But then, PKD is a different and severe condition.
The Various Symptoms and Signs of Kidney Disease
Kidney disease is something that might go unnoticed unless the symptoms start to get much worse. Here are some of the early symptoms of the kidney disease
- Puffiness around the eyes
- Difficulty in concentrating
- Swollen ankles and feet
- Scaly and Dry skin
- Trouble Sleeping
- Muscle Cramping
- Poor Appetite
- Frequent Urination, especially at night
Kidney diseases are something that should not be taken lightly. When you’re suffering from one, you must immediately contact a specialist. The specialist can help you get treatment without any delay so that you can lessen the symptoms of kidney disease significantly itself many issues to the body.